Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth. It is a serious infection that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontal disease starts when the bacteria in plaque causes the gums to become inflamed.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease that is most-often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Symptoms include red, swollen gums that easily bleed. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good, consistent home care. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to an advanced stage of disease called periodontitis. Toxins produced by bacteria on the teeth and gums stimulate an inflammatory response that causes the tissues and bone that support the teeth to break down. Pockets around the teeth deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.
A healthy smile begins with a solid foundation. The easiest way to strengthen the gums and bones supporting your teeth is to brush twice daily. Just 2 minutes, 2 times daily helps remove plaque and bacteria that lead to cavities, gingivitis, infection, and tooth loss.